Glaucoma- Eye Problem That Needs Attention
An eye is an important organ and it is vision provider for a human. Glaucoma is an eye disease; it affects the eye health. Mainly this disease affects the optic nerve in the eye and leads to vision loss permanently. This disease creates the pressure in the eye and damages the optic nerve present in the eyes. After the optic nerve gets damaged, the eye is unable to send the image information to the brain. So finally, it causes a permanent vision loss. According to a report, Glaucoma is the second largest eye blindness disease; it affected more than 60.5 million people around the world in the year 2010 and it may increase 80 million by the year of 2020.
Types of Glaucoma:
There are two main types of Glaucoma. They are
- Closed-angle glaucoma: This type of glaucoma is common in several people. Basically, this type of glaucoma creates heavy pressure and pain suddenly and also makes the short time vision loss. In this type, the patients can easily skip by following the regular doctor advice and medical treatments.
- Open-angle glaucoma: This type of glaucoma problem is not easily understood or diagnosed by the people. This disease grows slowly and not shows any symptoms. But it will make the vision loss permanent. Patients are not able to regain the vision by using the medical treatment, after the nerve damaged in the eyes.
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a complicated eye health condition that damage eye’s optic nerve leads to vision loss.
There are two major kind of glaucoma one is most common type “open-angle glaucoma” also calls it “wide-angle glaucoma” and other is less common type “Angle-closure glaucoma” also called as “chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma”.
The symptoms and signs of open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma are slightly different.
Symptoms of Open-Angle Glaucoma
Most people don’t have any early symptoms or warning signs. It is a silent killer for eye and develops slowly without any noticeable hint. Most of the folk feel fine and don’t recognize a change in their vision in initial level because the early loss of vision is a peripheral vision and the sharpness of vision is sustained until late in the disease. That’s why open-angle glaucoma is called as “sneak thief of vision”.
- Central or peripheral vision is slowly but surely lost mostly affects in both eyes.
- In complex stage person experience tunnel vision
Symptoms of Angle-Closure Glaucoma
Symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma are clear and visible. Some people have early symptoms can include halos, eye pain, blurred vision, mild headaches etc. If anyone suffers from these kinds of symptoms should be consulted immediately with their ophthalmologist.
Signs of angle-closure glaucoma as follows
- A severe pain in the eyes or headaches
- Lack of vision or blurred vision
- Redness of eye
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Feels rainbows or halos around lights
What are the method of diagnosing glaucoma?
It’s not easy to diagnose glaucoma, & there are several varieties of the problems. Glaucoma is difficult problem because it may not show symptoms. The most common type problem of glaucoma is Main open angle Glaucoma, has virtually no symptoms & no pain. Sometimes vision loss starts with your peripheral, but you may compensate for this involuntarily by turning your head to the side and not notice anything until substantial vision is lost. 50% people who have glaucoma may not know they have it.
If you are at high risk for glaucoma, you should have a dilated pupil eye checking at least every one years. To help diagnose glaucoma, an ophthalmologist will perform a comprehensive eye check that may include the follow eye test.
- TONOMETRY – Tonometry test is measures eye pressure by the eyes resistance to the air.
- PUPILDILATION – Pupil dilation is the special drops that temporarily enlarge the pupil so that the doctor can best view the inside of the eye.
- OPHTHALMOSCOPY – This ophthalmoscopy test is help your physician find glaucoma injure in your optic nerve.
- PERIMETRY – Perimetry is visual field test and this test will be help a physician whether your vision has been suffering from glaucoma.
- GONIOSCOPY – This test is diagnostic exam helps determine whether the angle where the iris meets the cornea is open & wide.
All Five methods are noninvasive and just for glaucoma. Your physician decides which method to use depending on your glaucoma circumstance.
What are the treatments available for glaucoma?
Glaucoma can be cured with medications, laser treatment or surgery. It depends on the type of glaucoma, medication or surgery used. With any type of glaucoma, regular eye checkup is important to prevent loss of vision.
Medications: Initially glaucoma is treated with eye drops like Bimatoprost and Brimonidine Tartrate. These eye drops can be used normally several times a day. There are different types of medications can be used, but they all perform by decreasing the production of fluid inside the eye. It is essential to speak your ophthalmologist about the eye medications you are using for the glaucoma treatment. Because glaucoma medications can have side effects, such as appetite, kidney stones, anemia, sleepiness. Some side effect from eye drops, such as eye irritation, blurred vision headaches.
Laser Treatment: Another treatment for glaucoma is laser treatment which is also effective. This treatment may be advised if medications don’t improve your symptoms. Laser Trabeculoplasty is a laser treatment used to improve the eye drainage function to reduce pressure inside the eye when treating open – angle glaucoma. Laser Iridotomy is a laser treatment used to create tiny holes in your iris to improve the fluid to drain from your eye when treating narrow-angle glaucoma.
Surgery: In surgery treatment, your ophthalmologist will use a microscope or particular instruments to create a new bypass drainage channel for the eye fluid to clear blockages. The new channel helps to reduce the eye pressure. This treatment will be advised only if your doctor thinks the benefit of a lower eye pressure performed with a surgery.
The glaucoma diseases are overcome by following the medical treatment at the initial stage. Additional known about the glaucoma disease symptoms (Eye pain, Blurred vision, Red eyes, and unexpected vision problems) may help the people overcome this disease from their life.
All About Female Sexual Dysfunction
Plenty of women experience sexual dysfunction problem at some point in life. Sexual dysfunction is a common issue in around 43% of women. Many women are embarrassed or hesitant to talk on female sexual dysfunction. It is very important to share your problem with partner or doctor for better treatment. A sexual worry or sexual dysfunction is a problem that occurs at the time of sexual activity. This prevents a woman or couple to experiencing full satisfaction during intimacy. The sexual satisfaction cycle has four points that help woman for sexually arousal: pleasure, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
The reasons that contribute to sexual displeasure or sexual dysfunction are often interrelated. Some of the reasons are:
- Physical: – A number of health conditions such as cancer, kidney failure, diabetes, liver problems, medicines side effect, alcohol abuse, thyroid problem, heart problem, bladder problems, can lead to female sexual dysfunction.
- Psychological: Untreated tension can be a reason to female sexual dysfunction, as can long time stress or pressure. Factors such as concern about sexual performance and medical history of sexual mistreatment. The worry of pregnancy & demands of being a mother may have a similar result.
- Hormonal: – Lower estrogen levels after menopause may lead to changes in genital tissues & sexual receptivity. A decrease in estrogen leads to decreased blood circulations to the pelvic region, which can result in needing more time to build arousal and reach orgasm, as well as less genital sensation. Your body hormone also shifts after giving birth & during breastfeeding, which can lead to vaginal dryness and can have an effect on your desire to have sex.
Affects of Female Dysfunction in life’s of women and men
Sexual dysfunction problem commonly occurs in the both men and women. If any of the partner (Either Man or Woman) is suffering with the sexual dysfunction problem, then it will automatically affect the health (both physical and mental) of other.
A woman suffering with this problem feel it hard to achieve the desired orgasm during the sexual relationship hours with their partner. Some women are not interested in the sexual relationship activity as they suffer with pain in their reproductive organ. This female sexual dysfunction problem affects the normal health life in the both men and women.
Sexual activity is better known to boost the body health and refreshes the mind activity. If a woman is suffering with sexual dysfunction problem it makes a relationship gap between her and her partner. This issue also makes unwanted things happen in a couple’s life and it may encourage the feeling of hatred. This problem may cause a relationship barrier among partners. Several men look for other woman in order the satisfy their needs. This sexual health issue problem encourages the level of depression or stress problem in the couple’s life. Depression arises in human life due to various reasons and one of the reason is facing negative response during the sexual activity hours. Lack of interest in sexual activity is raises the depression levels in a woman, as well as in a man’s mind.
Characteristics of female Sexual Dysfunction
Having the any kind of sexual problems in female corresponds to the levels of the sexual response cycle. Inability to accomplish any of the levels can interfere with sexual pleasure and hence create an issue. Any of these can be worrying for her partner, as well, and can lead to problems in the sexual relationship.
Lack of libido:
Lack of sexual interest or desire for sex is a common issue in both male and female but especially in females. Lack of libido prevents the sexual response cycle before it starts the act. This issue is temporary in a few people and an ongoing issue with others.
Difficulties in becoming sexually stimulated or accomplishing orgasm:
The willingness for sex might be complete the problem to have stimulation or being not able to become stimulated or keep stimulation during sexual activity. The inability to become sexually stimulated is sometimes related to lack of sexual willingness. In another situation, the female experiences sexual desire but cannot become stimulated. It maybe be related to orgasm which may be delayed or may not occur at all (anorgasmia). This can be very difficult for a female who experiences desire but find it too hard to achieve orgasm. It can be sexually frustrating too. This can be a vicious cycle in which the female loses sexual interest because she does not have any orgasm. It has been approximated that 7% to 10% of female suffer from some sort of orgasmic issue.
Pain during sexual intercourse:
It means you have the pain related to sexual arousal or vaginal contact. Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia) is common. Like other sexual issue, it can lead to a female to lose sexual interest.
The inability to become stimulated may be due to a number of causes, such as worry or insufficient stimulation. In case of vaginal dryness or discomfort during sexual intercourse, it can also be more difficult to become turned on. Hormonal changes due to menopause or a partner’s sexual problems (like impotency or early climax) can also make it harder to get in the mood.
General Treatment for Female Sexual Dysfunction:
Your doctor could suggest following treatment on sexual dysfunction on initial level.
Try to live Healthy lifestyle habits: Nowadays healthy lifestyle is big concern. Most people have an ease on too much alcohol, cigarette smoking which can lead to sexual worry. Getting on with some sought of physical activity may help to improve stamina as well as improving romantic feelings. Exercising, physical activity is known as a stress remover. Trying to decrease stress levels can help in enjoying and concentrating on your sexual activity.
Talk with Partner: Most of the women scared to talk with her partner about sexual concerns because they have fear of getting the relation spoiled. A woman must talk with her partner regarding this. This is best treatment on female sexual dysfunction problem. They say share is care. Being transparent to the partner can help in find an effective solution to the problem.
Look for Therapy: Consult with specialist in sexual and relationship counselor to solve the problem. The physician can recommend couples exercises as a result to enhance intimacy with partner.
Medical Treatments for Sexual Dysfunction
Topical Estrogen: For women who are suffer vaginal dryness or sensitivity during sexual activity, topical estrogen product can help overcome sexual dysfunction. This product is available in a cream and vaginal insert with a prescription.
Use Vaginal Lubricant: A vaginal lubricant is highly recommended during sexual activity if woman have pain or vaginal dryness during sex. Women can easily purchase lubricants without a prescription from drugstore. It is available in Gel, cream or suppositories. Water based products are the finest choices among women.
Medicines: Viagra is most recommended erection drug for men who had erectile dysfunction problem. Viagra contain Sildenafil active ingredient that helps to improve blood flow in the body in men. Like Viagra there is female Viagra too. Generic to Viagra is also available in the markets. The generic to the female Viagra is Lovegra or Pink Kamagra is for women to give quick sexual satisfaction. Lovegra pill is similar as Viagra and has active component Sildenafil citrate that treats well on sexual dysfunction. Lovegra 100mg tablet increases the level of excitement in women. Only one tablet of lovegra should be taken in a day with a glass of water. This is prescribed medicine, so you must buy proper dosage only prescribed by a doctor.
Women must share her feelings with sexual health care specialist and she must attend the counseling sessions. It helps to avoid the fear and clear the lots of doubts. As mentioned above, there are several medicines available to avoid this problem very easily however women should always go for a doctor’s advice, before taking the medicines.