Home >> Diabetes – Must Know Facts

Diabetes – Must Know Facts

Diabetes is one of the serious health issues. It has killed several people life. According to World Health Organization (WHO) report, 1.6 million people are lost their life in the year 2015 due to Diabetes problem.

What is Diabetes?

Blood contains glucose; it is also mentioned as the blood sugar, when a person blood sugar level reaches to high levels, then automatically diabetes occurs in his/her body. Foods are the main source for providing glucose to the blood. Pancreas secret the hormone insulin; and this insulin support the blood glucose to reach cells. If the pancreas failed to secret the hormone insulin, then the glucose will settle down in the blood and not reach to the cells. In case this process keeps continuing for several times, and thus glucose level will reach into high and cause the diabetes problem. The major effects of this disease are:  blind eye vision, kidney failure, impotence problem in men, stroke problem and the heart problem.

How Diabetes Is Diagnosed?

Type 2 diabetes is a serious but common condition, one that can be controlled so that you live a healthy, energetic life. Diabetic issues are diagnosed by a going on a fast or unique blood sugar test. Fasting relates to not consuming for 10 to 14 hours to find out the blood sugar levels in the absence of meals. Random relates to a blood test at any time in the day after foods. A fasting blood sugar level degree of 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate occasions verifies a diagnosis of diabetes issue.

The best test for Diabetes Is Diagnosed

1 – A fasting blood sugar test – A blood sugar test is performed after an eight to nine-hour period without eating any foods. If this test shows your blood sugar level was 126 mg/dl or higher lands one in diabetes territory.

2- Random blood sugar test –   This blood sugar test measures the level of glucose in the blood at any time of day, whether or not someone has eaten.

3 – Oral glucose tolerance test – Oral glucose tolerance test is an improved forecaster of free living glycemia as measured by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). During the oral glucose tolerance test, the patient consumes a drink containing glucose dissolved in water. A blood sugar level of 200mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes.

Diabetes disease also differentiate into three major types

  1. Type 1 Diabetes.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes.
  3. Gestational Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

In the type 1 diabetes, pancreas fail to secret the insulin hormones.  The person suffering with this type of diabetes have some symptoms like eliminating urine more times in a day, feeling very thirst and constant hunger, vision changes, weight loss and fatigue. Sometimes this symptom occurs very suddenly. This type of diabetes patients takes the insulin in their daily life.

Type 2 Diabetes

This type of diabetes occurs due to using the insulin not in a useful and effective way. This is also mentioned as the silent killer diseases.  This is the most common types of diabetes and occurs in the middle and older age people.

Gestational diabetes

This diabetes occurs to mostly women during their pregnant time. This type is wave off from the women life after the baby born, but more chance to the women gets type 2 diabetes problem in future.

 What are effects of Diabetes on Human Body?

If you know how diabetes affects your body, it may help to prevent diabetic complications from growing it. Plenty of the effects of diabetes issues are responsible such as high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and lack of blood glucose control.

Long-Term Effects of Diabetes on Human Body

The most familiar long-term diabetes heath issues are:

  • Damage of the large blood vessels of the brain, legs and heart, it also called as macrovascular complications.
  • Damage of the small vessels, as a result problem in the eyes, feet, nerves and kidneys, its medical term is microvascular complications.

Some other parts of the body are also affected by diabetes issues, such parts are the skin, teeth and gums, digestive system, immune system, and sexual organs.

Cardiovascular disease and Diabetes: Heart attack, stroke, and blood vessel disease are the type of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular disease is a major risk factor for person with diabetes, who regularly increased blood pressure levels and cholesterol. Smoking cigarette is one of the reasons for cardiovascular disease.

Diabetes and Kidney Damage: Folk with diabetes issues can experience the risk of kidney disease or kidney damage because of transformation in small blood vessel of kidneys. Kidney disease does not show any symptoms in early stage, until it is in advance stage.

Testing is most important if you feel any issue with kidneys. Kidney damage may be diagnosed in early stage if checking for microalbumin in urine at once in a year.

Diabetes and effects on the Nerves:

The effect of diabetes on the nerves system may be very serious issues because of the nerves are playing a vital role in our bodily functions.

Neuropathy or nerve damage is generally occurring because of high blood pressure, as well as some other factors are access amount of alcohol, Vitamin B12 deficiency.

Diabetes and Sexual Dysfunction:

Nerve damage and reduced blood circulation affects sexual function in men, as a result man experience erectile dysfunction or impotence. It is inability for men to reach and maintain hard erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse. This is most general problem in men of all age group and it is more typical problem with diabetes person.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is not any kind of illness, but it occurs because of physical and mental issues. Physical issues like blood vessels or nerve damage are responsible for erectile dysfunction.

Sexual dysfunction is also happened in women. But it is difficult to tell, that whether this happens because of hormonal changes as menopause or to diabetes. Erectile Dysfunction can be treated with Generic Viagra however prescription becomes completely necessary since the patient is suffering from diabetes.

Remember one thing; you are not able to manage your diabetes on your own. But there are plenty of specialists available to help you.

What are the treatments available for Diabetes and What are the precautions that a Diabetic patient should follow?

There are several numbers of treatments accessible to help you control and deal with your diabetes. Everyone is different, so treatment will vary depending on your own personal requirements.

There are three main factors a person can do to treat diabetes disease:

Make Changes in Lifestyle:

Diabetic patients are suggested to reduce their consumption of fats and adhere to a high-fiber, low-fat, and low-calorie healthy diet. Daily aerobic exercise is advised because exercise naturally reduces blood sugars and helps manage the disease.

General Medications:

  • Insulin injection therapy is generally essential for most diabetic patients with Type-1 diabetes, and insulin is also required in some conditions of Type-2
  • Oral sugar-lowering medicines work to reduce blood glucose by either stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin; inhibiting glucose production by the liver; improving the body’s reaction to insulin.
  • Pancreas transplants may be carried out in diabetic patients when the therapy with medicines didn’t succeed.

Monitor Blood Sugar Levels:

All the diabetic patients must monitor their sugar levels to confirm that their diabetes is under control. The frequency of monitoring depends on the type of medicines a patient use.

Diabetes is a chronic situation, and it can last a whole life. The aim of treating diabetes is to keep blood sugar levels as close to a normal range as possible. This prevents the signs of diabetes and the long-term problems of the disease. If you’ve been identified with diabetes, your general practitioner or healthcare professional – working with the peoples of your diabetes care team – will help you find your target blood sugar levels. He can assist you find the appropriate treatment to suit you and your lifestyle.

Drugs Catalogue

Copyright © 2024 AssertMeds.com All rights reserved.